Many of the statistics for 2017 US wine sales are in and the results show steady growth, but with increasing competition from imports and other beverages. The outlook is still positive because it is expected that 2018 will continue to see steady growth pattern of previous years, at around a 2% increase in US wine sales value. According to Wines & Vines and BW166 (2018), total US wine sales were $62.7 billion in 2017, with $41.8 billion in sales from domestic wine and $20.9 billion from imports.
Positive Revenue Stats for US Wine Industry in 2017
- Revenue for 2017 US Wine Sales = $41. 8 billion, a 2% increase in value from 2016 (Wines & Vines, 2018)
- Revenue for 2017 Imports to US = $20.9 billion, a 5% increase in value from 2016 (Wines & Vines, 2018)
- Total 2017 US Wine Sales Revenue including imports = $62.7 billion, a 3% increase in value from 2016 (Wines & Vines, & BW166, 2018)
- Good News on Tax Break: US wineries have been given a tax break by the US government called the Craft Beverage Modernization and Tax Reform Act. It reduces excise tax payments, which can save US wineries thousands of dollars per year (WBM, 2018).
2017 US Domestic Wine Vs. Imports by Volume
- California Wine Shipments (including imported bulk) = 268 million cases (9 liters), equaling 66% of total wine shipments in the US market.
- Other States (including imported bulk) = 35 million cases (9 liters), equaling 8% of total wine shipments in the US market.
- Imported Packaged = 104 million cases (9 liters), equaling 26% of total wine shipments in the US market.
- Total Wine Shipments into US Market by Volume = 407 cases (9 liters), up 2.5% from 2016. (Sources: GFA, 2018; BW166, 2018)
25th Year of Volume Growth: 2017 is the 25th consecutive year of growth for US wine sales, though a bit slower in 2017 than previous years. 2017 volume was 1.3% compared to 2.6% in 2016 (Brager, Nielsen, 2019).
Activity in Major Wine Sales Channels
Off-Premise – estimated at 78% of US market with an average bottle price of $10. According to Nielsen (2018) volume grew at double digits in the $15-$19.99 price segment this year with negative growth below $8 per bottle. Despite this, 55% of wine sold in the US is still under $8 per bottle, not including boxed wine. There are nearly 192,000 off premise wine retailers in the US market.
On-Premise = estimated at 20% of the US market with an average bottle price of $40, on-premise volume was up 1.3% and sales 1.9% as of October 2017, but still very competitive with spirits. There is some concern that too many new restaurants and bars have been established, with the current number of on-premise establishments around 373,000. (Wine Industry Insight and Nielsen, 2017, 2018).
Winery Direct to Consumer (DTC) = though still only less than 2% of the total US market in terms of volume, DTC sales continue to increase with 5.78 million cases shipped in 2017, estimated at $2.7 billion, an increase of 15.5% higher in value than 2016 (Sovos and ShipCompliant, 2018) – despite wildfires in California (SSU, 2018).
Note: Online wine sales in the US are now estimated at around 4% total volume, primarily from DTC sales and online retailer websites. The estimated total volume of global online wine sales in 2016 was 5% at $9.8 billion (Kedge, 2017)
Number of US Wineries and Export Figures
- Number of US Wineries in 2017 = 9,654, up 9% from 9,091 in 2016 (Todorov, 2018)
- Five Largest Wine States by # of Wineries: California 4392, Oregon = 774, Washington = 772, NY = 395, Texas = 391
- US Exports – US exports were down 7.9% in volume in 2017, primarily due to a stronger dollar. An estimated 42 million cases (9 liters) of both packaged and bulk wine were shipped abroad in 2017, totaling $1.53 billion (Wine Institute, 2018)
US Remains Largest Wine Consuming Nation by Volume & Value
- Percentage of Adult Americans who drink wine = 40% (WMC, 2017)
- Gender Percentage of Wine Drinkers = 59% female and 41% male (WMC, 2017)
- Wine Consumption Frequency: (WMC- 2017)
- High Frequency Wine Drinkers = 35% drink wine more than once a week
- Occasional Wine Drinkers = 65% drink wine once a week or less
- Largest Wine Consuming Generations = Baby Boomers (37%, ages 53 – 71) and Millennials (32%, ages 23 – 40) (WMC – 2017)
- Per Capita Wine Consumption = 11 liters per person (2.94 gallons). Even though US is largest wine consuming nation by volume, per capita rates are less than many other countries (Wine Institute, 2016)
Hot Varietals and Trends Now and for 2018
The Five Most Popular Wine Varietals/Styles by revenue remain the same as in 2016: 1) chardonnay, 2) cabernet sauvignon, 3) red blends, 4) pinot grigio, and 5) pinot noir (WBM and Nielsen, 2018). This is expected to continue in 2018, but chardonnay has fallen to .9% growth, with predictions that cabernet sauvignon could overtake it as most popular varietal in the next year or two.
Fastest Growth Wine Categories continue to be Rose, Sparkling and Sauvignon Blanc – with Rose in the lead with a 59% increase in value from the previous year! Top selling Rose by country is France at 51% of the market, followed by the US at 37% and Italy at 5%. The largest Rose category by price point is the $11 – $15 bottle at 31% of the rose category (Brager, Nielsen, 2018).
Fastest Wine Growth by Country/Region is Oregon in first place, up over 15% in both volume and value. This is followed by France and New Zealand – both growing at double digits (Brager, Nielsen, 2018).
New Packaging – innovation in packaging seems to be well-accepted by Americans, with 49% growth rate of wine in cans, 37% wine on tap, 18.5% tetra-pak, 15.2% box, and 7.5% plastic. Considering that most of these containers –with the exception of boxed wine – are relatively new to the US market in the past few years (though available in other countries for decades), this is pretty amazing (Brager, Nielsen, 2018).
New Places to Drink/Buy Wine – another interesting trend is that wine is now available in more new locations in America. Off-premise it is now being sold in more natural/gourmet grocers (up 5.5%) and limited assortment grocers (up 8.1%). On-premise there is more wine available in theaters, sports stadiums, sports and up-scale premium bars, and fast casual restaurants. (Brager, Nielsen, 2018).
Top 5 Largest Wineries and Distributors by Volume in America
Top 5 Top Selling US Wine Brands by Volume
|3) Robert Mondavi|
|4) Sutter Home|
|5) Carlo Rossi|
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Sovos. (2018). 2018 Direct-to-Consumer Wine Shipping Report Indicates DtC Sales on Track to Reach $3 Billion This Year. Sovos.com, Jan. 22, 2018. Available at: https://sovos.com/blog/2018-direct-consumer-wine-shipping-report-indicates-dtc-sales-track-reach-3-billion-year/
SSU – Sonoma State University. (2018). Press Release: North Coast Wildfire Impact Study Signals Strong Recovery in Early Findings: Labor and Employment Data Remain Stable, Executive Survey Shows Limited Effects on Wine Industry. Wine Industry Network. Jan. 24, 2018. Available at: https://www.wineindustryadvisor.com/2018/01/24/north-coast-wildfire-impact-study
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WBM – Wine Business Monthly. (2018). Off-Premise Wine Sales Rise 1.2%. Wine Business Monthly, Feb. 2018, p./ 150-151.
Wine Institute. (2018). Press Release: California Wine Exports Total $1.53 in 2017. Wine Institute.org. March 19,2018. Available at: https://www.winebusiness.com/news/?go=getArticle&dataid=196877
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